Can You Have a Pet Pigeon? Everything You Need to Know

Yes, you can have a pet pigeon. Pigeons can make good pets as they are social, intelligent, and can be trained. However, they require proper care, housing, and attention to ensure their well-being.

Can You Have A Pet Pigeon

How To Keep Pigeons As Pets

If you’re considering keeping pigeons as pets, you’ll be happy to know that they make wonderful companions. These friendly birds have been domesticated for centuries and are known for their loyalty.

Pigeons were once used to carry messages, but today they are mainly kept as a hobby or for business purposes. Pigeon farming has become a profitable industry, and its popularity is on the rise.

Whether you choose to raise one or a pair of pigeons, you’ll find that they are easy to care for and make great pets. With their gentle nature and loyal personalities, they are sure to bring joy to your life.

What Makes a Pigeon a Good Pet?

Pigeons make great pets for a variety of reasons. If you are a bird lover, then a pigeon may be the perfect addition to your home.

Adopting a pigeon is also a great option for those who want a pet but are not interested in dogs or cats. Pigeons are often overlooked as pets, but they can be just as loving and loyal as any other animal.

Pigeons are also very intelligent and social creatures. They can be trained to do tricks and are known for their loyalty to their owners. They also have a calming presence and can provide a sense of comfort and companionship.

Overall, pigeons make great pets for those who are willing to provide them with the love and care they need. If you are considering adopting a pigeon, make sure to do your research and provide them with a safe and comfortable environment.

Before Keeping Pigeons as Pets:

Before deciding to get a pigeon or a pair as pets, there are some important considerations to keep in mind.

1. Safe Housing:

It’s crucial to have a safe and secure place for your pigeons to live. The housing should be protected from predators and extreme weather conditions. The birds should have access to both indoor and outdoor space, and enough room to move freely.

2. Proper Diet:

Pigeons require a good quality diet to stay healthy. Ensure that you have access to the right food for your birds and that it meets their nutritional needs.

3. Clean Environment:

The cage or loft where your pigeons live should be easy to clean and maintain. This is important for their health and well-being.

4. Social Interaction:

Pigeons are social birds and require company. If you’re only keeping one bird, consider spending time with it or getting another pigeon as a companion.

5. Breeding Considerations:

To control the breeding of a pair of pigeons, replacing their real eggs with fake ones can be an effective solution.

6. Avian Vet Care:

Access to avian vet care is necessary to provide medical attention for a sick or injured bird. Ensure that you have a plan in place to address any health concerns that may arise.

Characteristics Of Pigeons

The Columbidae family comprises more than 300 species, including both pigeons and doves. There are currently over 150 breeds of pigeons found on all continents except Antarctica. It’s important to understand the specific needs of each breed before adopting one as a pet.

The most common breed of pigeon found in cities is the rock pigeon (Columba livia). They are also the most popular breed kept as pets. These birds have been used as messengers in the past due to their intelligence and sense of orientation. Rock pigeons have a robust chest, small heads, and short beaks. The birds possess strong wings that are proportionally larger in comparison to their body size.

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The animal in question has short and thin legs and four toes, and one of them is opposable like a human thumb. The plumage of pigeons varies in color and pattern depending on the species.

The Behavior Of Pigeons As Pets

Pigeons are intelligent and social animals that can make great companions. However, they also require freedom to fly and explore and may become sick or develop behavioral problems if kept indoors for too long.

Pigeon racing is a popular sport in many parts of the world, and raising and training pigeons can be a rewarding but challenging experience. Raising birds necessitates passion, patience, funding, time, space, and a commitment to providing optimal living conditions.

To avoid inappropriate behavior in pigeons, it’s important to provide them with optimal nutrition, preventive medicine, and a stimulating environment. Professional guidance from a bird training expert can also help educate pigeons from an early age and promote balanced and calm behavior.

1. Personality:

Keeping a pigeon as a pet has its advantages, one of which is its quiet nature. Pigeons emit soft cooing and chuckling sounds, unlike other birds such as parrots and cockatiels, which are known for their loud, harsh squawks. This makes them an ideal pet for those who prefer a quieter environment.

2. Care Needs:

Pigeons make great pets because they are easy to care for and can live a long time with proper care. These birds are laid back and don’t require a lot of expensive toys or accessories. All they need is a constant supply of water, a perch, a cage, and a few things to play with.

Pigeons are known for their hardiness and can live for many years, with pet pigeons living up to 15 years or more with proper care. It’s important to be prepared for the commitment of providing proper care if considering a pet pigeon.

3. Training:

Pigeons are incredibly trainable birds that have been used for various purposes throughout history. They were once trained to carry messages behind enemy lines during the war, saving countless lives.

Through consistent training and hard work, it is possible to teach a pigeon to navigate its way home from a significant distance, turning it into a homing pigeon. Additionally, pigeons can be trained as racing birds, competing in races and earning prizes.

Training pigeons requires patience and consistency, but the results can be rewarding. By using positive reinforcement techniques and proper training methods, you can teach your pigeon a variety of behaviors and tasks.

4. Breeding:

Breeding pigeons can be a rewarding experience for pet owners. These birds make excellent parents and it’s relatively easy to breed them.

Pigeons have multiple breeding cycles per year and are responsible for caring for their young until they are independent. As a caretaker, observing your pet pigeons care for their young can be enjoyable.

Breeding pigeons requires providing a safe and comfortable nesting area, ensuring proper nutrition, and monitoring the health of both the parent birds and their offspring. With the right care and attention, you can successfully breed pigeons and enjoy the experience of watching them raise their young.

Indoors or Outdoors?

Deciding whether to keep your pigeons inside or outside is an important consideration when owning them as pets. If you have rescued pigeons, they may do better outside as it’s closer to their natural habitat. However, you will need to provide them with a safe coop or aviary to protect them from predators.

In areas with cold winters, ensure that the enclosure has a source of warmth, or consider moving them indoors during these seasons. Pigeons also thrive indoors with their owners. They will need a cage or coop as their home base, but they should also be allowed out for exercise and interaction every day.

While indoor pigeons may walk more than they fly, they still require enough space to move around comfortably.

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Are Pigeons Friendly?

Pigeons are friendly and sociable birds that make great pets. Once they become accustomed to human interaction, they enjoy being held and petted. Interacting with a pet pigeon can be enjoyable; they can sit on your shoulder and communicate with you.

Pigeons are also known to get along well with other pets, but it’s important to supervise their interactions with dogs, cats, and children to ensure their safety.

What You Need for Your Pet Pigeon

To properly care for your pigeons, it’s important to provide them with a suitable enclosure. The size of the cage or coop should increase as the number of pigeons you have grows. It should have perches, food and water dishes, and padding on the bottom. If keeping your pigeons outside, a source of warmth is necessary.

Pigeons build nests, so providing nesting material is important. Additionally, offering toys, treats, and items to chew on can keep your pigeons happy and stimulated.

To prevent messes in your home, consider using pigeon pants to keep your birds from defecating everywhere. By providing a comfortable and stimulating environment, you can ensure the health and happiness of your pigeons.

Feeding Your Pet Pigeon

Proper nutrition is essential for maintaining the health of your pet pigeon. A balanced diet should consist of seed blends, grains, protein sources, fruits, and vegetables.

Seed blends can be mixed with various grains to provide a diverse diet for your pigeon. Additionally, protein sources such as insects or cooked eggs can be added to their diet. Fruits and vegetables can also be offered as treats or included in their meals.

Pigeon pellets are a convenient option for those who want to ensure their pigeon is getting all the necessary nutrients. However, it’s important to provide grit or gravel to aid in digestion, but not too much as it can take up space needed for essential vitamins and minerals.

1. Keeping Pigeons as Pets Require Enough Time:

Before deciding to keep pigeons as pets, it’s important to consider if you have enough time to devote to them.

Pigeons are social animals, and if you choose to keep a single bird, it’s crucial to provide companionship to keep your pet happy. Different pigeon breeds have varying social needs, so it’s essential to research your chosen breed’s requirements.

You should be able to dedicate time each day to socialize with your birds and meet their needs. If you cannot commit to this, it may not be a suitable pet for you.

2. Make a Suitable Home:

When it comes to housing your pigeon, you have two options: a loft or a cage. The loft is a popular option for bird housing as it offers a protected space for resting at night and ample room for movement throughout the day.

The size of the loft will depend on the number of birds you have. To house your pigeons indoors, it is necessary to acquire a spacious cage that allows for wing flapping and movement.

It’s important to ensure that the loft or cage is easily clean to maintain a healthy living environment for your pigeon.

3. Nesting:

To encourage pigeons to build their nests, provide nesting materials. Keep the materials in the loft or cage, or in a corner. Twigs, straws, and grass are good materials to use. This ensures the bird has everything they need to build a comfortable nest. Providing these materials helps your pigeon’s well-being and creates a comfortable environment for them to thrive.

4. Water:

Birds need access to clean, fresh water to stay hydrated and healthy. Make sure to change the water in your bird’s pot regularly and provide a new supply of fresh water daily. This will help prevent the growth of bacteria and ensure your bird has access to clean water at all times.

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5. Zet Care:

If you’re planning on keeping pigeons as pets, it’s important to be prepared to provide proper care. This includes ensuring access to veterinary care in case of illness or injury. Contact your vet as soon as possible if you notice any signs of sickness or injury in your bird/bird.

Additionally, keeping pigeons as pets requires ongoing tasks and responsibilities. It’s important to be committed to providing proper care and attention to ensure your pigeons live happy and healthy lives. Best of luck and enjoy your new pets!


Are Pigeons Good As Pets?

Pigeons can make good pets.

Is It Safe To Keep A Pigeon As A Pet?

Keeping a pigeon as a pet is considered safe and low-maintenance.

Can You Keep A Single Pigeon As A Pet?

Yes, it is important to ensure that you have enough time to properly care for a pet pigeon as they require companions to maintain their emotional well-being.

Do Pigeons Bied with Humans?

It is observed that pigeons tend to form bonds with humans relatively easily.

Do Pet Pigeons Poop Everywhere?

It is a common trait of pigeons to defecate in various locations.

Do Pigeons Recognize Their Owners?

According to research, wild pigeons can recognize individual human faces and are not affected by a change in clothing.

How Can You Tell If A Pigeon Is Happy?

Pigeons can display affection towards humans when they’re happy. Signs of a content pigeon include feeling at ease in the presence of humans, eating food from your hand, and sitting on your hand, shoulder, or head while flapping their wings.
These behaviors indicate that your pigeon feels safe and secure around you, and enjoys spending time with you. To maintain their happiness and well-being, ensure that you provide a safe and comfortable environment for your pigeon.

How Long Do Pet Pigeons Live?

The average lifespan of pet pigeons is typically 15 years or less.

Are Pigeons Good Luck?

The presence of pigeons or doves building a nest in one’s home is often regarded as a sign of good luck.

What Fruits Can Pigeons Eat?

Pigeons tend to prefer small, seedless fruits such as grapes, raisins, bananas, plums, cherries, blueberries, and berries in general.

How Much Do Pet Pigeons Cost?

The cost of a pet pigeon varies by breed but typically ranges from $50 to $450.

Can Pigeons Eat Rice?

Yes, they can eat rice and love to have some.

Can Pigeons Eat Cucumbers?

Cucumbers are a food source for wild birds such as pigeons when offered at a bird feeder.

Can Pigeons Eat Bread?

Bread is not recommended as a healthy source of nutrition for birds.

Do Pigeons Drink Water?

They consume water like other avian species.

Can pigeons eat carrots?

Chopped or minced carrots are suitable for their consumption.

Can you play with a pigeon?

Pigeons are capable of being interacted with.

How Do You Take Care Of A Pigeon At Home?

Caring for pigeons requires several duties, including maintaining their nest, cleaning their living area, keeping the surroundings dry, feeding them nutritious food, and giving them the required medication.


Having a pet pigeon can be a unique and rewarding experience for those willing to put in the time and effort. While they may not be the most common household pet, these birds are intelligent, affectionate, and can even be trained to do tricks.

However, it’s important to do your research and make sure you’re able to provide a suitable environment for your feathered friend. So why not consider adding a pigeon to your family? Who knows, they may just become your new favorite companion!

Kathy Gonzales

I'm an author of I have kept pigeons as pets for over 20 years and have written several articles. Here in this blog, I cover topics such as how to care for pigeons, what to feed them, and how to keep them healthy.