Do Pigeons Lay Eggs?

Have you ever wondered if pigeons lay eggs? I mean, we see them all the time, but we never really stop to think about their reproductive habits. Well, I did some digging and have some interesting information to share with you.

Pigeons are a common sight in urban areas, and while we may not pay much attention to them, they are fascinating creatures. So, do pigeons lay eggs? The short answer is yes, they do. In fact, pigeons are known for their prolific egg-laying abilities.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the reproductive habits of pigeons, including how often they lay eggs, how many they lay, and what happens to the eggs once they are laid. By the end, you’ll have a better understanding of these feathered friends and their egg-laying habits.

Do Pigeons Lay Eggs

Do Pigeons Lay Eggs?

Pigeons are often observed in urban environments, though they prefer to build their nests in unobstructed areas such as fields or forests. They are recognized for their capacity to deliver messages and have been utilized for this function since ancient times.

The reproductive process of pigeons consists of two eggs being laid and incubated by both parents. The eggs hatch after 18 days and the chicks become able to fly a few weeks later. Once the chicks leave the nest, parental care ceases.

Pigeons build their nests out of sticks and twigs, but they may also include other materials like leaves or paper. Despite their urban reputation, pigeons thrive in natural environments and can often be found in fields or forests.

Egg Laying Process in Pigeons

Pigeons are fascinating creatures that are commonly found in urban areas. Despite what many people believe, pigeons have a diverse diet and are not solely reliant on garbage for sustenance.

It is a known fact that pigeons have monogamous relationships and are capable of producing several offspring annually. If you’re wondering whether pigeons lay eggs, the answer is yes! Pigeons usually lay a pair of eggs that are incubated for around 18 days before hatching. During this time, the parents take turns keeping the eggs warm until the chicks emerge.

The responsibility of caring for the newly hatched chicks falls on their parents, who provide nourishment until the chicks reach an age where they can independently survive. It’s truly amazing to witness the entire process of pigeon reproduction and the dedication of these birds to their young.

What do the Eggs Look Like?

Pigeon eggs are usually small and white, but may also be pale blue or brown with spots. It’s important not to remove eggs from parent pigeons without veterinary advice. Research has shown that the color of pigeon eggs can vary depending on the temperature, with differences observed between eggs laid by wild and domesticated pigeons.

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Eggs laid in the wild are typically darker and may appear brown to offer more protection and ensure proper incubation. The color of a pigeon’s egg may also provide camouflage, protect against UV rays, and have antimicrobial properties.

It’s important to know what your pigeon’s eggs look like if you plan to breed them, but handling them should be left to the parents. If your pigeons are not exhibiting proper care for their eggs, it may be beneficial to consult with a veterinarian for guidance.

When Do Pigeons Lay Eggs

Understanding the egg-laying process of pigeons is important for those who wish to care for them. Here are the steps involved:

Nest Preparation:

Before laying her eggs, the female pigeon must first prepare a nest. This involves finding a suitable location and gathering materials such as twigs, leaves, and feathers to create a comfortable space for her eggs.

First Egg:

Approximately 10 to 14 days after mating, the female pigeon will lay her first egg. This typically occurs in the early evening hours, and the egg will be laid directly in the nest.

Second Egg:

Typically, the female pigeon lays the second egg approximately 44 hours after the first egg. It is common for pigeon nests to have only two eggs, but some may have only one.


After both eggs have been placed in the nest, the process of incubation commences. During the incubation period, the eggs are alternately cared for by the female during the evening to midmorning, while the male takes over until early evening.

This continues until the eggs hatch, which typically takes around 17 to 19 days. Understanding these steps can help ensure the proper care and well-being of pigeons during this important time.

How Often Do Pigeons Lay Eggs?

Pigeons can lay eggs up to 12 times a year, resulting in an average of 24 eggs annually. However, it’s not guaranteed that all the eggs will hatch, and you may end up with fewer eggs than expected. Pigeons in cages tend to lay more eggs than those kept outdoors.

After hatching, the mother pigeon typically prepares to lay eggs again within two weeks. It’s important to give pigeons a break between laying cycles to prevent infertility and protect their health. Separating male and female pigeons for a while can help achieve this goal and ensure healthy baby pigeons.

How Many Eggs Do Pigeons Lay?

Understanding the behavior of pigeons during the egg-laying process is important for bird enthusiasts and breeders alike.

Pigeons typically lay two eggs at a time, with the second egg being laid within 24 to 48 hours after the first. However, if you observe a pigeon laying three eggs, it is uncommon and the third egg may be smaller and infertile.

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The presence of four eggs in a pigeon nest may suggest that both birds are female. In this case, it may be necessary to change the pair by introducing two male pigeons.

If you find pigeon eggs on your balcony and are unsure of what to do, seek guidance from a professional or local bird organization to ensure the safety and well-being of the birds.

Do Pigeons Lay Eggs Without Mating?

It is possible for female pigeons to lay eggs without mating with a male pigeon. This typically occurs when a female pigeon is unable to find a mature male pigeon to make a pair with. Female pigeons will seek out a suitable location to lay their eggs and will need to mate with a male pigeon for the eggs to hatch properly.

For the successful hatching of eggs, it is necessary for the female pigeon to engage in sexual intercourse with a male pigeon, as it is the male’s sperm that facilitates the hatching process and the subsequent birth of baby pigeons. Despite this, there have been cases where a female pigeon has managed to mate with a male pigeon who already has a pair, resulting in the successful hatching of the eggs.

One owner shared their experience of a female pigeon who had not managed to make a pair with a male pigeon yet but managed to mate with a male pigeon who already had a pair. The female pigeon laid two eggs and successfully incubated them alone, without the help of a male or a partner. The eggs hatched after 17 or 18 days, and the female pigeon raised the baby pigeons on her own.

Overall, while it is possible for female pigeons to lay eggs without mating with a male pigeon, it is important to note that the successful hatching and raising of baby pigeons typically requires a male pigeon and a partner.

Pigeon Egg Size

Pigeon eggs are generally smaller than chicken eggs, with common pigeon eggs typically measuring between 3 cm to 4 cm in length. Some species of pigeons lay larger eggs, such as King Pigeons. A pigeon egg’s shell is much thinner and more delicate than a chicken egg’s, making them more prone to breakage.

Therefore, it is important to handle pigeon eggs carefully and provide extra precautions while carrying them. Be sure not to press too hard when holding the egg or subject the egg to any added pressure or force that could cause it to crack or break.

Pigeon Egg Laying Process

The process of a pigeon laying eggs is a beautiful and systematic one. Following the breeding process, both the male and female pigeons collaborate to construct a nest utilizing materials such as straw. The male pigeon takes care of the female during this time, attracting her to the nest and bringing her necessary nesting materials.

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After completing the nest, the female pigeon remains there unless she requires nourishment or hydration. The male pigeon protects the nest and keeps other pigeons away. Proper nutrition and grit are important for the pigeons during this time, as it helps with digestion and makes the eggshell strong.

When it’s time for the female pigeon to lay the first egg, she usually does so in the evening. The second egg is laid the next day or sometimes even later. If no second egg is laid after two days, it may suggest that the female pigeon won’t lay any more eggs.

During this time, the female pigeon sits on the eggs to protect them, and the male pigeon continues to protect the nest. It’s important to replace the real egg with a fake one after the first egg is laid to prevent any damage to the egg.

Overall, the process of a pigeon laying eggs is a beautiful and intricate one, showcasing the dedication and care of both male and female pigeons toward their family.

Do Pigeons Lay Eggs Without Mating?

Female pigeons can lay eggs without mating with a male pigeon. This is a common scenario when a mature female pigeon cannot find a mate. During the breeding season, the female pigeon tries to attract a male by making a beautiful noise and finding a place to make a nest. If she cannot find a mate, she will lay eggs without mating with anyone. However, these eggs will not hatch without sperm from a male pigeon.

In some cases, a female pigeon may mate with a male pigeon who already has a mate. This can result in fertile eggs that can be hatched successfully. One owner observed a female pigeon incubating and caring for her babies alone without a mate. This proves that female pigeons can incubate eggs and raise their babies independently.

It is important to note that while female pigeons can lay eggs without mating, it is not recommended to breed pigeons without proper planning and care. Breeding should only be done with healthy and mature pigeons, and proper nesting and feeding arrangements should be made to ensure the well-being of the parents and offspring.


While it may seem like a simple question, “Do pigeons lay eggs?” has a fascinating answer. Not only do pigeons lay eggs, but they do so with incredible speed and efficiency. These hardworking birds are a testament to the wonders of nature, and we can all learn something from their dedication to their young.

So the next time you see a pigeon, take a moment to appreciate all that they do, including laying those precious eggs.

Kathy Gonzales

I'm an author of I have kept pigeons as pets for over 20 years and have written several articles. Here in this blog, I cover topics such as how to care for pigeons, what to feed them, and how to keep them healthy.