How to Keep Pigeons Safe from Predators

Pigeons are common birds found in urban and suburban areas, often coexisting with humans. However, they are also vulnerable to predators, making it crucial for bird lovers and pet owners to take measures to keep them safe.

To Keep Pigeons Safe From Predators, Follow These Steps:

  • 1. Minimize Access to Pigeons
  • 2. Adopt a Puppy
  • 3. Use Repellents
How to Keep Pigeons Safe from Predators

How to Keep Pigeons Safe from Predators

To protect your pigeons from predators, there are a few strategies you can employ:

1. Minimize Access to Pigeons

Limiting access to the roof or area where the pigeon cage is located can help prevent cats or other predators from reaching the birds. Keep doors closed and make it difficult for predators to jump onto the roof from neighboring areas.

2. Adopt a Puppy

Having a dog around pigeons can create a bond and provide protection. As the puppy grows up, it will see the pigeons as part of its territory and may defend them against threats. Dogs can be effective in deterring predators and keeping pigeons safe.

3. Use Repellents

Research specific repellents that deter the predators in your area. For example, scents like orange, lemon, lavender, and mint can repel cats, while reflective deterrents like CDs or mirrors can scare away hawks. Use these methods strategically to keep predators at bay.

By implementing these strategies, pigeon owners can help ensure the safety and well-being of their birds.

Common Pigeon Predators

Pigeons have several natural predators that pose a threat to their safety. It’s important for pigeon owners to be aware of these predators and take measures to protect their birds.

1. Hawks

Hawks are a common predator of pigeons and other smaller birds. They have the advantage of size, speed, and natural hunting instincts. Pigeons are no match for hawks in terms of strength and agility. If a hawk spots a pigeon in the sky, it will easily catch and attack it.

2. Shikra

Shikra, also known as the little banded goshawk, is another bird of prey that preys on pigeons. They are found in Asia and Africa and are known for targeting sparrows and pigeons. While they are smaller in size compared to hawks, pigeons are still afraid of them and can fall victim to their attacks.

3. Cats

Cats are skilled predators with instincts similar to lions and tigers. They can silently approach and chase their prey, making it easy for them to capture pigeons. Pigeons are especially vulnerable when they are sitting on their eggs, as cats can easily enter the pigeon cage and capture them.

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4. Crows

While crows are not typically aggressive towards pigeons, they can still pose a threat. A group of crows may chase and potentially harm a pigeon. Additionally, crows have been known to steal pigeon eggs or young chicks from their nests. However, crows are less likely to attack pigeons if there are humans or dogs nearby.

It’s important for pigeon owners to be vigilant and take steps to protect their birds from these predators. This can include providing secure housing, keeping a watchful eye on the surroundings, and implementing deterrents to keep predators away from the pigeons.

Tips To Keep Pigeons Happy And Safe

Pigeons need specific care and attention to ensure their happiness and safety. Here are some tips to keep them well cared for.

1. Provide a Safe and Comfortable Shelter

Pigeons need a safe and comfortable shelter, such as a well-ventilated pigeon coop or loft, that is clean and free from predators.

2. Provide Regular Food and Water

Regular clean water and pigeon feed from pet stores are essential for maintaining a healthy diet. Keep feeding and watering areas clean to prevent contamination.

3. Create a Nesting Area

Pigeons require a place to lay their eggs and raise their young. Provide nesting boxes or shelves within their shelter, keeping the area clean and predator-free.

4. Offer a Bathing Area

Pigeons enjoy washing and staying clean. Provide a shallow water dish or birdbath within their shelter for them to bathe.

5. Protect from Predators

Pigeons are prey to predators such as cats, hawks, and owls, so it’s crucial to keep their shelter secure and avoid areas where predators are likely present.

6. Encourage Social Interaction

Pigeons are social birds that enjoy the company of their own kind. Consider keeping more than one pigeon together to provide social interaction and companionship.

By following these tips, you can keep your pigeons happy, healthy, and safe.


How can I keep pigeons safe from predators?

You can keep pigeons safe from predators by providing secure housing, such as a coop or aviary, using scare tactics like decoys or noise makers, and keeping the area around their housing free of hiding spots for predators.

What predator kills pigeons?

Falcons, especially the Peregrine Falcon, Cooper’s Hawks, and Goshawks, are known to hunt and kill pigeons. However, any large raptor that comes across a pigeon may seize the opportunity to make a meal out of it.

What bird do pigeons fear most?

Pigeons fear hawks the most. Hawks like Peregrine Falcons and the Harris Hawk are natural predators to pigeons. Pest control hawks are trained to mimic their hunting behavior in urban and industrial areas, flying from perch to perch. This exploits the pigeons’ instinctive fear and helps control their population.

How do I protect pigeons from Hawks?

To protect pigeons from hawks, you can use mirrored balls or CDs that reflect light and scare hawks away. However, it’s important to periodically change the model because hawks can learn that it’s not a threat. If you see a hawk near your pigeons, you can use a whistle or make a noise to scare it away. Additionally, removing trees and bushes close to the loft can help deter hawks.

How do I protect pigeons from Eagles?

To protect pigeons from eagles, hawks, and falcons, you can use a product called hawk shield gel. Apply one drop of the gel to the pigeon’s head, wings, legs, and tail before flying them in the morning. This gel provides protection for up to 16 hours and does not have any adverse effects on the pigeon or its flying abilities.

Can I use fencing to protect my pigeons from predators?

Yes, installing fencing around the area where pigeons are kept can help protect them from predators. Make sure the fencing is secure and has no gaps where predators could enter.

How important is it to keep pigeons safe from predators?

It is crucial to keep pigeons safe from predators to ensure their well-being and prevent unnecessary stress or harm.

What should I do if I suspect a predator is targeting my pigeons?

If you suspect a predator is targeting your pigeons, take immediate action by securing their housing, removing any potential food sources for the predator, and seeking professional help if necessary.

Are there any natural deterrents I can use to keep predators away from my pigeons?

You can use natural deterrents such as motion-activated sprinklers, reflective objects, and predator scent deterrents to ward off potential threats to pigeons.

Can I use artificial lighting to keep predators away from my pigeons?

Yes, installing motion-activated lights or keeping the area well-lit at night can help deter nocturnal predators from preying on pigeons.

Are there any specific safety measures I should take if I keep pigeons in an urban environment?

In urban environments, it’s important to ensure that pigeons have a safe, enclosed area to roost and that any potential entry points for predators are secure. Additionally, be mindful of any nearby feral animals that may pose a threat to pigeons.

How can I keep pigeons safe from predators in my backyard?

To keep pigeons safe from predators in your backyard, you can install a bird feeder with a cover, provide hiding spots like bushes or trees, and use scare tactics such as decoy predators or noise-making devices.

What are some natural ways to discourage predators from targeting my pigeons?

You can use natural deterrents such as citrus peels, garlic, or peppermint oil around the pigeon’s habitat to repel predators. These scents are known to be disliked by many predators.

Should I use traps or poisons to keep predators away from my pigeons?

It is not recommended to use traps or poisons to keep predators away from your pigeons, as these methods can harm non-target animals and disrupt the natural ecosystem.

Can I safely coexist with natural predators while keeping my pigeons safe?

You can create a balanced and natural habitat for pigeons while coexisting with natural predators by implementing deterrents and providing safe spaces for pigeons to escape from predators. This will allow you to maintain a healthy ecosystem while keeping your pigeons safe.


In conclusion, keeping pigeons safe from predators is essential for their well-being and survival. By implementing effective strategies such as providing a secure and enclosed shelter, using deterrents to keep predators away, and being vigilant and proactive in monitoring their environment, pigeon owners can help ensure the safety of their flock.

It’s also important to remember that prevention is key, and taking the necessary precautions can go a long way in protecting pigeons from harm. Ultimately, by prioritizing their safety and taking the appropriate measures, pigeon owners can create a secure and comfortable environment for their birds to thrive.

Kathy Gonzales

I'm an author of I have kept pigeons as pets for over 20 years and have written several articles. Here in this blog, I cover topics such as how to care for pigeons, what to feed them, and how to keep them healthy.