Why Are Pigeon Nests So Bad?

Pigeon nests can be a major nuisance to homeowners for a variety of reasons. For starters, the droppings left by pigeons are unsightly and carry numerous pathogens that can cause disease in humans.

Some of the Bad things About Pigeon Nests are:

  1. Spread of Diseases.
  2. Structural Damage.
  3. Car Damage.
  4. Nuisance.
  5. The nests can carry diseases.
Why Are Pigeon Nests So Bad

Why are Pigeon Nests So Bad?

Pigeons are commonly referred to as the “rats of the sky.” This is because they can transmit various diseases to humans and animals. Apart from being potential disease carriers, their nests are also a source of disturbance and can cause significant damage to buildings and cars. Here is why pigeon nests are so bad:

1. Spread of Diseases:

Pigeons are notorious for carrying some of the most harmful diseases known to man. Their droppings, along with those of other birds, can transmit dangerous pathogens to humans and animals. For example, pigeons are known carriers of E. coli, salmonella, encephalitis, histoplasmosis, and cryptococcosis, among others. Pigeon droppings and nesting materials can lead to respiratory problems and eye infections.

2. Structural Damage:

Pigeons build their nests out of a variety of materials ranging from branches, twigs, and grass to wire and plastic. Pigeon nests may look harmless, but these birds easily cause significant damage to buildings, including breaking tiles, clogging gutters, blocking ventilation systems, and even compromising the structural integrity of buildings.

3. Car Damage:

Pigeon droppings on vehicles can cause significant damage to the paintwork and even corrode the metal. The acid in their droppings reacts with the paint and causes it to peel off, leaving an unsightly stain.

4. Nuisance:

Pigeons can make a lot of noise and disturb the peace of your surroundings, especially when they are actively building their nests or have chicks. Additionally, their nests and droppings can make the area look untidy and unappealing. Bird mites, which thrive in pigeon nests, can also infest homes and can be a significant nuisance to homeowners.

5. The nests can carry diseases:

The nests of pigeons can carry a variety of diseases that can threaten the health of humans and animals. One of the most common illnesses associated with pigeon nests is histoplasmosis, a fungal infection that affects the lungs. It is caused by a fungus found in dried bird droppings, which are often found near nesting sites.

What Kind of Nests Do Pigeons Make?

Pigeon nests are decidedly unremarkable in terms of their composition and construction. Typically, these avians use materials that are commonly found in their environment, such as straws, twigs, and other simple items. However, their nests’ lack of complexity also means that they have little structure, which makes them precarious and unsteady.

As a result of their fragile nature, pigeon nests are easily disturbed, and even a slight disturbance is enough to make them fall apart. This is why it is not uncommon to see these birds repeatedly restructuring their nests during their breeding season.

In contrast to other bird species, pigeon nests do not have the same level of structural integrity or stability. This is especially true in urban areas where the availability of nesting materials is often limited, causing the birds to use whatever they can find, including discarded materials like string or fabrics. Despite their simplicity, pigeon nests continue to provide a place where these birds can raise their young and continue their life cycle.

Health Hazards Associated with Pigeon Nests:

Pigeon nests, constructed from sticks, straw, and twigs, provide a safe haven for these birds to breed. However, these same nests can also harbor an array of health hazards that pose various risks to humans.

1. The Spread of Diseases:

Pigeon nests have the potential to carry and spread diseases, with Cryptococcosis being a major one. Cryptococcus is a fungus that can cause infections in humans, particularly those with weakened immune systems. The fungus thrives in dried pigeon feces, dust, and soil contaminated with pigeon droppings. Histoplasmosis and Psittacosis are other diseases that can also be transmitted by fungal spores present in pigeon droppings.

2. Skin Irritation and Infection:

Pigeon droppings can also lead to skin irritation and infections, particularly in those with cuts or abrasions on their skin. The droppings also attract mites and other insects, leading to more complications for homeowners.

3. Structural Damage:

Pigeon nests can also cause significant damage to buildings and other structures, as a result of the nest-building process and the accumulation of pigeon droppings. The acidic nature of their feces can corrode metal structures and other building materials.

4. Pest Control:

Therefore, it is essential for homeowners to keep their properties and surroundings clean, as well as implement preventative measures to keep these pesky birds away. Although it may seem easy to clean up the mess on your own, pigeon droppings have to be handled carefully to avoid any health hazards. As a result, homeowners may benefit from consulting professional pest control services to tackle active pigeon nests safely and effectively.

See also  How To Use Antifreeze To Kill Pigeons?

5. The nests attract mites:

The presence of pigeon nests also attracts mites, which can be a huge nuisance to homeowners. These mites feed on the organic matter found in the droppings and can easily infest homes when disturbed or when the pigeon nest is removed.

6. Dangers of Mites in Pigeon Nests:

Pigeon nests are a haven for mites, tiny insects that pose a significant health risk to both pigeons and humans. Here are some dangers associated with mites in pigeon nests:

7. Infection:

Mites feed on the blood of birds like pigeons, making them vectors for disease. These insects are itchy, and when they bite humans, they can leave red bumps on the skin that are uncomfortable and unsightly. Worse yet, if you scratch the bites, you can break the skin, providing a gateway for a secondary bacterial infection.

8. Health Risks:

Mites in pigeon nests are particularly dangerous to people suffering from underlying health conditions, such as asthma or respiratory allergies. The feces of pigeons and the presence of bird mites can cause respiratory problems, making asthma symptoms worse. Prolonged exposure to mites can also lead to allergic reactions.

9. Control Measures:

The best control measure against bird mites is by preventing them from inhabiting your home or property. Keeping your home and surroundings clean and tidy is an excellent first step to reducing the attraction of pigeons to your property. Secondly, it’s important to properly handle and dispose of pigeon droppings, as fecal build-up and accumulation can attract mites. Homeowners may benefit from consulting professional pest control services to ensure the effective elimination of bird mites and their source.

10. The nests attract other insects:

Pigeon nests also attract other insects, such as flies and ants. These insects feed on the droppings and nesting material and can spread diseases like salmonella. The presence of these pests can be especially dangerous to children and elderly people who may not have a strong immune system. 

11. Other Insects Attracted to Pigeon Nests:

Aside from bird mites, pigeon nests often attract other insects that can create problems if they infiltrate your home. Various beetles and moths are among the common insects that are drawn to pigeon nests.

12. Damages caused by Insects:

Insects such as clothes moths can cause extensive damage to fabrics, while mealworm beetles can contaminate your food stores, making them inedible. Carpet beetles can also pose a health risk by causing allergic reactions in humans.

13. The necessity of Pest Control:

While these insects may not be deadly, they are a major nuisance and can cause a great deal of discomfort. Proper pest control is necessary to get rid of them completely to ensure that they don’t wreak havoc in your home.

Why Do Pigeons Make the Worst Nests?

When it comes to building nests, pigeons have a minimalistic approach. Their only requirement is a flat surface, avoiding uneven grounds. As pigeon habitats and natural instincts become the focus, judgments on their nests change. While you may perceive their nests as weak or undesirable, for the pigeon, they are more than sufficient. Pigeons’ nesting habits are deeply rooted in their biology and behavior, with the ability to build nests encoded in their DNA.

Typical materials used for pigeon nests are sticks, straws, and twigs. These materials are brought to the nesting location by the parent pigeons, who choose the location based on their preferences. However, pigeon nests can attract other insects, making them problematic and potentially hazardous.

Pest control is a necessity as other insects, such as clothes moths and mealworm beetles, are attracted to pigeon nests. These insects can cause extensive damage to fabrics and contaminate food stores, rendering them inedible. Therefore, controlling the pigeon population and addressing their nests is significant.

Pigeons Make The Laziest Nests

Pigeons are incredibly versatile birds that are widely distributed around the world. They have the remarkable ability to adapt to a wide range of environments, including urban settings, where they commonly nest on buildings, rooftops, and ledges. Despite their impressive adaptability, one of the reasons why pigeons make lazy nests is that they don’t put much effort into constructing them. Instead, they use whatever materials are available, such as twigs, leaves, and grass, to create a basic structure that meets their minimum requirements.

As pigeon has a minimalistic approach to nest building, they do not spend much time arranging or organizing the materials they use, making their nests messy and disorganized. This behavior is reflective of rock dove’s natural nesting habits, which necessitates simple nests on rocky cliffs.

While their laziness may seem inconvenient to humans, it is an efficient method that suits their needs. The basic nests, however, can pose a significant threat to human health, as pigeons can carry bird mites, bird ticks, and other disease-carrying parasites. Therefore, controlling pigeon populations and nests must remain a concern.

What Kind of Materials Do Pigeons Use to Make Their Nests?

Pigeons are known for their resourcefulness when it comes to constructing their nests. They make use of a wide range of materials, mostly consisting of straws, twigs, and pieces of vegetation. Their choice of material largely depends on their surroundings as they tend to rely on whatever building materials are easily accessible.

See also  Is It Illegal To Kill Pigeons?

In urban areas, pigeons commonly incorporate non-natural materials such as bits of paper, plastic pieces, yarn, and strings into their nests. Unlike other birds, pigeons do not use mud or clay to mold their nests.

Interestingly, pigeon nests tend to have a meager number of materials, which is why they may appear poorly structured. Pigeons do not spend much time collecting materials or arranging their nests, even though they can be quite active in reproducing. As a result, pigeon nests tend to have a more primitive and basic design compared to those of other bird species.

Where Do Pigeons Build Their Nests?

Pigeons are rather adaptable birds when it comes to selecting their nesting location. In urban areas, these birds typically opt for sheltered locations that provide flat surfaces, including high ledges, window sills, and eaves. Structures at high elevations, such as roofs and attics, are also ideal choices, providing protection from weather elements and predators.

When it comes to natural settings, pigeons will build their nests on rocky cliffs, in caves, or even on the ground. Several natural objects like high flat ledges and bridges are also suitable locations for pigeons to build their nests. During breeding seasons, pigeons will usually look for suitable nests on trees, bushes, and locate spots where their newborn chicks can be protected from the weather and predators.

Pigeons have exceptional instincts when it comes to selecting the perfect nesting location. They often avoid locations with harsh environmental elements and opt for sheltered and protected areas that are easy to access. Pigeon nesting habits vary from place to place, which often means that these birds can thrive in both urban and natural settings.

How Big Are Pigeons’ Nests?

Pigeon nests may be small in size, as they typically build tiny homes that can hardly hold more than two eggs. These birds don’t require a large nest to accommodate their clutch size. The size of the nest may depend on the location and availability of materials. However, pigeon nests are generally a few inches in diameter and several inches in depth.

Even though pigeon nests are small in size, they still serve their purpose during the breeding season. These nests are not complex in structure or stability, but they enable adult pigeons to lay eggs and hatch their young.

The clutch size of pigeons is typically two eggs, and as a result, they do not need to build nests that are too large. The materials they use to build their nests are often found in their immediate surroundings. During the breeding season, adult pigeons will repeatedly restructure their nests to keep them intact.

How Do Pigeons Make Nests?

Pigeons create their nests using readily available materials such as straws and twigs that are easy to pick up and carry with their beaks. They gather all the necessary materials and transport them to their desired nesting site.

Once they have enough materials, they begin constructing the nest. Unlike other birds, pigeons do not have a specific method of constructing their nests. They add materials haphazardly and often end up with an untidy nest. Even when their nest breaks down, they do not take the time to rebuild their home with any thought about tidiness.

These birds only require the basic requirements to construct a suitable nest. Since their nests are not complex in structure or stability, they often select locations that are not ideal, such as on a window sill, on a balcony, or inside gutters. This adds to their reputation for making messy nests that are not aesthetically pleasing to look at.

Do Male Pigeons Help Build the Nest?

In the world of pigeons, the males take on the important responsibility of choosing the perfect location for their nest. Once they identify an area that suits their needs, both males and females are actively involved in nest-building. With the male pigeons leading the charge, they start collecting the necessary materials needed to create their desired structure.

As they gather these materials, male pigeons selectively retrieve one piece at a time. Once they have the materials in hand, the females take over the task of assembling the nest to their liking with their beaks. This process ensures that the nest is ultimately built to fit the exact specifications required by the pigeons.

Despite being known for their messy nesting habits, pigeons do not create complex homes, and both males and females play an equal and crucial role in their formation. When ideal nesting sites are scarce, the pigeons often gravitate towards suboptimal locations such as gutters, window sills, or balconies. This need for shelter underscores the importance of nests in their lives.

See also  Where To Shoot Pigeons?

How Long Do Baby Pigeons Stay in the Nest?

The duration of baby pigeons, also known as squabs, inside the nest, depends largely on the time of the year. Typically, during summer, squabs will remain within their nest for a period between 25 to 32 days. However, if they are hatched during winter, this duration can extend up to 45 days. During the breeding period, the parent pigeons provide pigeon milk to the young ones for sustenance.

It may take several more weeks after the squabs have fledged from the nest for them to become completely independent. During this time, their parents continue to provide food until they become capable of finding their own sources of sustenance.

The duration of nesting for baby pigeons, therefore, is heavily influenced by a variety of factors such as the time of year and the feeding capacity of the parent pigeons. In addition, the availability of nest-building materials and the experience of the parents play a crucial role in determining the nesting duration of baby pigeons.

How do you get rid of a pigeon’s nest?

Preventing pigeon infestations is the best way to keep your home or building safe from the dangers of these birds. To do this, there are a few simple steps you can take:

1. Legal Steps for Getting Rid of a Pigeon Nest:

Before getting rid of an active pigeon nest, it is important to check your local laws regarding the matter. If it is illegal to harm or kill pigeons, then getting rid of their active nest is likely to be illegal as well. An active nest is defined as a nest that is being used by pigeons.

2. Disposing of an Inactive Pigeon Nest Safely:

Once the pigeons have vacated their nest, the appropriate time to dispose of it is determined by the length of time it takes for the eggs to hatch and for the hatchlings to leave, which varies depending on the season. Once this period has elapsed, it is permissible to dispose of the nest.

3. Protect Yourself When Disposing of a Pigeon Nest:

Disposing of a pigeon nest should be done while taking necessary safety precautions. Wear a mask, a long-sleeved top, and long pants when removing the nest. Afterward, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

4. Proper Disposal of the Pigeon Nest:

It is recommended to wrap the nest in a plastic bag and place it in a sealed trashcan immediately after removal. This ensures that predators cannot access the nesting material.

Additionally, it is safe to dispose of pigeon droppings along with the nest in the same manner. Taking these safety measures will ensure that you can get rid of the nest without causing any harm to yourself or any other animals around you.


Why are pigeon nests considered bad?

Pigeon nests can cause various issues due to their droppings, which carry health risks such as transmitting diseases like histoplasmosis and salmonella. Additionally, their nests can block gutters and drainage systems, leading to water damage and potential structural issues.

Do pigeon nests attract pests?

Yes, pigeon nests can attract other pests like mites, ticks, and other insects. These pests often thrive in the debris around pigeon nests, posing further health risks and potential infestations in nearby areas.

Can pigeon nests cause damage to buildings?

Absolutely. Pigeon nests, made of twigs, feathers, and droppings, can accumulate over time and clog ventilation systems and gutters. This blockage can lead to water damage, structural issues, and compromised air quality within buildings.

Are pigeon nests a fire hazard?

Yes, pigeon nests can pose a fire hazard, especially if they are built near electrical fixtures or wiring. Dry nesting materials like twigs and feathers are highly flammable and could ignite if they come into contact with electrical sources.

How do pigeon nests affect the aesthetic appeal of properties?

Pigeon nests can significantly impact the appearance of buildings and public spaces. Their droppings and nesting materials can deface surfaces, making them unsightly and difficult to clean. This can tarnish the overall aesthetic of properties.

Are there humane ways to discourage pigeons from nesting?

Yes, there are humane methods to deter pigeons from nesting, such as using physical deterrents like netting, and spikes, or applying repellents that are non-toxic to the birds. It’s important to use humane methods that don’t harm the pigeons while effectively discouraging nesting.


Understanding the reasons why pigeon nests are bad is crucial for keeping your home or building safe. Pigeon infestations can cause property damage, spread diseases through contact with their droppings, and attract other pests.

This article provides important information on how to safely dispose of an active or inactive pigeon nest and protect yourself from potential risks. With this knowledge, you can take the necessary steps to prevent pigeon infestations and maintain a safe and clean living or working environment.

Kathy Gonzales

I'm an author of pigeonsmatter.com. I have kept pigeons as pets for over 20 years and have written several articles. Here in this blog, I cover topics such as how to care for pigeons, what to feed them, and how to keep them healthy.